Approximately 5% Of Children In U.S. Suffer From Spectrum Disorders Due To Prenatal Alcohol Exposure, Study Says

Alcohol
A study found that more than 6,000 first-graders across U.S. communities suffer from fetal alcohol spectrum disorders. Photo: Getty Images

The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA), and the National Institutes of Health (NIH) funded a research on how alcohol affects babies while they are still in their mother’s womb.

Over 6,000 first-graders across four U.S. communities suffer from fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) after having a prenatal alcohol exposure. According to the study, the effects of prenatal alcohol exposure on the brain can result in a range of neurobiological deficits that contribute to physical, cognitive, behavioral, and social challenges throughout life.

“Prenatal alcohol exposure is a leading preventable cause of developmental disabilities worldwide,” said NIAAA Director George F. Koob, Ph.D. “Estimating the prevalence of FASD in the United States has been complex due to the challenges in identifying prenatally exposed children. The findings of this study confirm that FASD is a significant public health problem, and strategies to expand screening, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment are needed to address it.”

The study, conducted by the Collaboration on Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders Prevalence (CoFASP) consortium,  showed that kids from communities in the Midwest, Rocky Mountain, Southeast and Pacific Southwest, range from 1.1 to 5 percent of first-graders in public and private schools were diagnosed with FASD.

NIH also reported that of the children diagnosed with FASD in the study, only two had been previously diagnosed with FASD, suggesting that children with FASD often go undiagnosed or misdiagnosed.

According to the vector graphic from the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, the craniofacial features associated with fetal alcohol syndrome includes a small head circumference, thin upper lip, low nasal bridge, skin folds at the corner of the eye, and other characteristics. 

FASkid Craniofacial features associated with fetal alcohol syndrome. Photo: NIH

 

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Shirley Gomez has been exposed to many aspects of the art world. Besides being a Fashion Journalist, she studied Fashion Styling and Fashion Styling for Men at the Fashion Institute of Technology in New York City, Interior Design at UNIBE and Fashion Design at ITSMJ Fashion School in the Dominican Republic. She worked as a Fashion Journalist, Fashion Stylist and Social Media Manager at one of the most recognized magazines in the Dominican Republic, Oh! Magazine, as an occasional Entertainment Journalist, of the prestigious newspaper “Listín Diario”, as well as a fashion collaborator of a radio show aired in 100.9 FM SuperQ. When Shirley is not writing you can find her listening Demi Lovato or Beyonce's songs, decorating her apartment or watching Family Feud.